The Scream

The Scream
Artist Edvard Munch
Year 1893
Medium Oil, tempera, and pastel on cardboard
Location National Gallery, Oslo, Norway
Dimensions 36 in × 28.9 in
91 cm × 73.5 cm
Famous Paintings by Edvard Munch
The Scream
The Sick Child
Death in the Sickroom
The Dance of Life
Complete Works

The Scream painting by Edvard Munch is one of the most well-known pieces of artwork in history, appealing to a wide audience even today. There are actually four different original versions of The Scream that Edvard Much created using different art mediums including oil paints, tempera, and pastels. The Scream is part of a larger art collection series that Edvard Munch called The Frieze of Life.

In The Scream’s timeless image is a genderless person with a pale face, standing beside a railing with an expansive view of a chaotic environment. What is so gripping about the image is that the person is screaming, their mouth hung wide open with their hands on the sides of their face, and you can see that scream reflected and continuing on into the distance of the intensely bloody red, orange, deep blue, and black colored background. Two people stand with their backs turned to the screaming figure, with their black silhouettes on the very edge of the scene. Far in the distance there is a hint of a small city, almost completely lost in the swirling sky.

Two of The Scream artworks are paintings, and the other two were done in pastels. The National Gallery in Oslo, Norway owns one of The Scream paintings, the Munch Museum holds the other “Scream” painting and one pastel, and another pastel is privately owned by Petter Olsen. Mr. Olsen is auctioning off his original “Scream” pastel artwork by Edvard Munch through Sotheby’s in New York on May 2, 2012. It’s estimated that just this one pastel artwork version of The Scream will sell for around $80 million dollars, making it one of the most valuable art pieces ever auctioned in history.

Inspiration for The Scream

Norwegian by birth, Edvard Munch studied at the Oslo Academy with famous Norwegian artist Christian Krohg. He created the first version of The Scream in 1893 when he was about 30 years old, and made the fourth and final version of The Scream in 1910. He has described himself in a book written in 1900 as nearly going insane, like his sister Laura who was committed to a mental institution during this time period as well. Personally he discussed being pushed to his limits, and going through a very dark moment in his life.

The scene of The Scream was based on a real, actual place located on the hill of Ekeberg, Norway, on a path with a safety railing. The faint city and landscape represent the view of Oslo and the Oslo Fjord. At the bottom of the Ekeberg hill was the madhouse where Edvard Munch’s sister was kept, and nearby was also a slaughterhouse. Some accounts describe that in those times you could actually hear the cries of animals being killed, as well as the cries of the mentally disturbed patients in the distance. In this setting, Edvard Munch was likely inspired by screams that he actually heard in this area, combined with his personal inner turmoil. Edvard Munch wrote in his diary that his inspiration for The Scream came from a memory of when he was walking at sunset with two friends, when he began to feel deeply tired. He stopped to rest, leaning against the railing.  He felt anxious and experienced a scream that seemed to pass through all of nature. The rest is left up to an endless range of interpretations, all expressed from this one, provocative image.

The Unique Style of The Scream and its Influences on the Expressionist Movement

Many sources agree that the way that Edvard Munch portrayed pure, raw emotion in this artwork was a radical shift from the art tradition of his own time, and he is therefore credited with beginning the expressionist movement that spread through Germany and on to other parts of the world. Most of Edvard Munch’s work relates to themes of sickness, isolation, fear and death.

The Characteristic Techniques Used to Create The Scream

One early version of this scene was created by Edvard Munch on a cardboard surface, using tempera, oil paints, and pastels together. Another version is only done with tempera on cardboard, and these early versions have almost violent, explosive strokes across the surface that deliver a high impact on the viewer. One of the later versions of The Scream was a lino print done in black and white only. Edvard Munch liked to add shadows and auras of color around his main subjects to add to the intensity of their emotions.

20 responses to “The Scream”

  1. carys says:

    i think this webbsite really helped me in my reserch thank you <3

  2. ME:) says:

    thnx it helped

  3. CSY says:

    thx a lot to let me know the most inspiring painting of my life!!!!

  4. human says:

    this didnt help i wanted to know wether it was a direct observation or not.

  5. lucas pothier says:

    j’ai adoré cet article il est trop beau <3
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  6. Lauren says:

    So nice to read even more information on my 7th Cousin, Mr. Edvard Munch. Ive got so many articles and pictures of his family thanks to my grandmother whos family is from Oslo, Norway. I am so honored to have someone so inspirational in my family.

    • Enissan says:

      Hi Lauren, I love to paint famous paintings. Thats really awesome to hear your relatives with Mr. Edvard Munch. I was wondering if you paint as well or if theres any painters in your family?

    • Meg Bowman says:

      Wow, how cool to be related to someone so inspirational to me! I love his art, I love that he had other artists who inspired him and so he made his own version of their work. I would have loved to watch him paint!
      I am related to Johnny Cash through marriage. Super cool though.

  7. isabelle blanco says:

    Very nice story I can’t belive mrs regalado can’t look up this imformation btw I freaken love scary paintings

  8. Me:):):):):):):):):):):):) says:

    this is quite cool i learned a lot!!!

  9. lilliana febes says:

    its incredible!!!! really suprised pretty cool i would say.

  10. Heskey says:

    I like how this teaches me about the history of the painting.

  11. julia says:

    helped me a lot thanks:)

  12. maduewesi gabriela says:

    what a lovely painting it isso deep and helped me with my assignment

  13. Stacy Messer says:

    I found a copy of this painting at a yard sale very beautiful and so much meaning

  14. Tom Brady says:

    thanks for helping me with my research

  15. Don Johnson says:

    what kind of cardboard was this painted on, I’m doing a research paper and I’m assuming its not the kind boxes are made of.

    If you don’t help me with this you are a bad person

  16. fellarino says:

    yes indeed this painting is RATHER DIVINE

  17. joni says:

    well Actually it was a direct observation, but his observation was actually portraying his inner emotions, sorrows and his fears. Hope that helped a little?

  18. Mia says:

    This website helped me at school

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