Paul provides insight into the plan of God for mankind’s salvation in Romans Chapter 5. This plan went into effect immediately following the very first commission of disobedience to God, which happened in the Garden of Eden and caused sin to spread throughout mankind.
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Romans chapter 5 addresses the misunderstanding that existed in the early church in Rome regarding sin, the law, salvation, and how all came into being.
Sin Brings a Penalty
Paul explained that just as sin entered the world through one man, Adam, the cure for the penalty of sin was also provided by one man, Jesus Christ. When the forewarned penalty for sin had to be imposed, the master plan for redemption was already formulated.
God’s Provision for Reconciliation
One of the first steps to redemption for sin was when God handed the Law down to Moses on Mt. Sinai. As Paul explained, while sin abounded without the Law, it could not be counted as a transgression without the Law, and thus no provision for salvation could be made.
By instituting the Law to the children of Israel, mankind became accountable for sin through the transgression of the Law. This made it possible for the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ to atone for those who have sinned, which was everybody according to Paul in Romans Chapter 5.
God’s Law and Christ
In a similar fashion, God gave the children of Israel, later known as the Jews, the Holy Law that included the Ten Commandments, and it was virtually impossible to live without breaking at least one of the commandments on a daily basis.
In later years, the sacrifice of Jesus Christ made it possible for mankind to approach the throne of God through prayer and to seek forgiveness. Paul stated that along with this forgiveness comes an even greater gift – that of eternal life.
Romans 5 (King James Version)
1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
17 For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.