Deuteronomy Chapter 34 deals with the sad passing of Moses, the greatest prophet of the Old Testament. After the passing of Moses, Joshua is to become the leader.
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Moses’ Final Days
Despite his advanced age, Moses was able to climb up to the top of Mount Nebo. From there, the Lord showed him the many great lands of the chosen people. Moses was able to look out and finally see the land he had been traveling to for many years.
The Lord then spoke to Moses and told him all this land is the land that was originally promised to Issac, Jacob, and Abraham. The land will now belong to the descendants of Moses. Moses may look upon the lands, but the Lord forbids him to ever cross into it.
Moses Passes Away
On the mountain, Moses passed away at the age of 120. Even though he was very old, he was not short of strength or eyesight. The Lord buried the body of Moses although the grave in which Moses was buried was kept a secret from the Israelites.
It is known the grave is somewhere in the land of Moab. The people of Moses then went into a period of mourning. Their sadness was shown with 30 days of reflection on the loss of Moses.
Joshua Promoted to New Leader
With the passing of Moses, the spirit of the Lord passed into Joshua. Moses had previously laid hands on Joshua making this so. Now, the people of Israel will be required to follow the leadership and guidance of Joshua.
While there would be new prophets and new leaders, no one was as close to God or as great of a heroic leader than Moses. Forevermore, all the descendants of the chosen people knew it was God through Moses who helped them escape from enslavement in Egypt.
Deuteronomy 34 (King James Version)
1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan,
2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea,
3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.
4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.
6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.
7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended.
9 And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel hearkened unto him, and did as the LORD commanded Moses.
10 And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face,
11 In all the signs and the wonders, which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land,
12 And in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel.