Deuteronomy Chapter 18 is about offerings for priests and Levites. They were told that the Levite priests and the rest of the tribe were not to have any of the inheritance allotted to Israel. They were told to live on the food and offerings that were presented to the Lord. This was supposed to be their inheritance.
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Possessing the Inheritance
They were not to share the inheritance among the Israelites because their inheritance is the Lord. This was what the Lord had promised them and they were chosen by the Lord God of Israel.
Warnings against Occult Practices
The Israelites were warned against occult practices. They were told that when they enter the land that was promised by the Lord their God, they were not to learn or even imitate the ways of others. These ways were detestable in the eyes of the Lord. They were told that none of them were to sacrifice their sons and daughters in fire. They were not to take part in divination or any form of sorcery.
The Israelites were also warned against witchcraft, casting spells, omens and those who speak to spirits or the dead. They were told to be blameless in the eyes of the Lord.
Separation from the Occult
The nations that the Israelites were to dispossess were the ones who practice sorcery and other things that the Lord detested. They were not permitted to take part in these things. The Lord promised to raise a prophet among the Israelites. They were told to listen to him.
This is what the people had asked of the Lord while they were at Horeb. The people wanted to know the messages of the Lord, but they feared His voice. Therefore, the Lord said he would raise a prophet among them who will speak His words and relay them to the people of Israel so that they may hear Him.
Deuteronomy 18 (King James Version)
1 The priests the Levites, and all the tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel: they shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and his inheritance.
2 Therefore shall they have no inheritance among their brethren: the LORD is their inheritance, as he hath said unto them.
3 And this shall be the priest’s due from the people, from them that offer a sacrifice, whether it be ox or sheep; and they shall give unto the priest the shoulder, and the two cheeks, and the maw.
4 The firstfruit also of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.
5 For the LORD thy God hath chosen him out of all thy tribes, to stand to minister in the name of the LORD, him and his sons for ever.
6 And if a Levite come from any of thy gates out of all Israel, where he sojourned, and come with all the desire of his mind unto the place which the LORD shall choose;
7 Then he shall minister in the name of the LORD his God, as all his brethren the Levites do, which stand there before the LORD.
8 They shall have like portions to eat, beside that which cometh of the sale of his patrimony.
9 When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.
10 There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch,
11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
12 For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.
13 Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God.
14 For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do.
15 The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;
16 According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.
17 And the LORD said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken.
18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.
19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
20 But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.
21 And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken?
22 When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.