2 Samuel 8 delves into some of the victories that King David experienced during his reign.
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David Experiences Victories
David recently defeated the Philistines and took a portion of their land from these enemies. David went to battle with the Moabites. Of the Moabites who were captured, two-thirds were put to death. Those that remained alive became subjects of Israel.
Hadadezer became the next target of David and, once this man was beaten, David went to the Euphrates River and restored a monument that had no longer stood. He also decimated the soldiers, horses, and chariots of Hadadezer.
The Aramens would come to the aid of Hadadezer, but this was a foolish action. David would strike down 20,000 men. The remaining Aramens would end up also becoming subjects of King David. David would take much bounty from Hadadezer, including bronze and weapons.
Congratulations for David
When the king of the land of Hamath learned about how successful David was against the armies that tried to fight him, he sent his son as an emissary to offer congratulations and tribute. David took the gold, silver, and bronze that was brought to him.
He took these awards and dedicated them to the Lord. He had done this with all the other treasure he had taken from the many other kingdoms and armies he had faced.
The Edomites were next in line when they crossed them. About 18,000 of these Edomites were struck down in the battle. The survivors would go on to become subjects of David.
David Appoints Leaders
David would then go on to put officials in charge of various positions of authority. He named Joab to be in charge of the army. Jehoshaphat was the recorder. Zadok and Ahimelek were named priests as were the sons of David. Seraiah became the secretary and he made other official appointments as well.
2 Samuel 8 (King James Version)
2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts.
3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.
5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
10 Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
11 Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;
12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13 And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David’s servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;
18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief rulers.