1 Samuel Chapter 1

1 Samuel Chapter 1 begins with the brief genealogy of a man called Elkanah, who had two wives. The name of one wife was Peninnah and the other’s name was Hannah.

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Hannah is Barren

Peninnah had children with Elkanah, but Hannah appeared to be barren. Because of this, Peninnah tormented her. This caused Hannah grief, but she could not be comforted by her husband even though he loved her. But Hannah became so depressed due to her barrenness that she stopped eating.

Hannah Prays for a Child

Every year, Elkanah went to the temple in Shiloh to worship and offer sacrifices. He always took his family with him, including Hannah. While in Shiloh, Hannah, in her despair, began to pray to the Lord and begged Him to give her a son. She promised her child to the Lord and said she would not even cut his hair.

A priest named Eli saw Hannah with her mouth moving, but he could not hear her words as she prayed. He mistakenly thought that she was intoxicated and he rebuked her. Hannah told him that she was not drunk, but simply a sorrowful woman who was praying. Eli took pity on her and told her that he hoped God answered her prayer.

This heartens Hannah somewhat, and she began eating again.

Hannah Conceives

The next day, Hannah and Elkanah woke up early and returned to their home in Ramah. Several months later, Hannah conceived her child. When the baby was born, she named him Samuel. When Elkanah asked if she was going up for the yearly sacrifice, she declined. She said she did not want to go until Samuel was weaned. Elkanah understood this.

After Hannah weaned Samuel, she brought him to Shiloh along with animals for sacrifice. She met Eli again and reminded him of their meeting before. She said she had also remembered that she promised to dedicate Samuel to the Lord, which she then did.

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1 Samuel 1 (King James Version)

1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:

2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.

4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:

5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.

8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?

9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.

10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.

11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.

12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.

13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.

14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.

15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.

16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.

17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.

18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.

19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.

20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.

21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.

22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.

23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.

24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.

25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.

26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.

27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:

28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

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