1 Chronicles Chapter 5

This chapter outlines some account of the two and a half tribes of Israel that were seated on the other side of Jordan. The chapter describes how they conquered the Hagarites and how they were conquered after they had forsaken God.

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The Sons of Reuben

Reuben was the first son of Israel, but when he defiled his father’s marriage bed, all his rights as the firstborn were given to Joseph. Although Judah was the strongest son of Israel, the rights of the firstborn belonged to Joseph.

The sons of Reuben were Hanok, Hezron, Pallu and Karmi. The descendants of Joel were Semaiah, then his son, Gog, followed by Shimei and his son, Micah. Reaiah’s son was Baal and Baal’s son was Beerah. Beerah was a leader of Reubenites.

Listing of Clans and Relatives

This is a list of their relatives by clans according to their genealogical records. They included Jeiel, who was the chief, Zechariah and Bela, sons of Joel. All these people lived in the area from Aroer to Nebo and Baal Meon. On the eastern side, they settled on the land up to the edge of the desert that extended to the Euphrates River.

This was because their livestock had greatly increased in Gilead. During the time when Saul was the king, they fought against the Hagrites and defeated them. They later occupied the homes of Hagrites throughout the eastern part of Gilead.

About the Gadites

The Gadites lived next to the tribe of Reuben. Their chief was Joel. Shaphan was the second followed by Janai and Shaphat. Their relatives were Meshullam, Michael, Sheba, Jorai, Jokan, Zia and Eber. The Gadites lived in Gilead and its outlying villages. Basically, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had a total of 44,760 men who were all ready for military service.

The Half-Tribe of Manasseh

The half-tribe of Manasseh had many people. They were all settled in the land from Bashan to Baal Hermon. The heads of their families were Ishi, Epher, Eliel, Jeremiah, Azriel, Jahdiel and Hodaviah. All the people listed above were very brave warriors. They were famous and heads of their families.

However, they were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors. Therefore, the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul who was the king of Assyria. Pul took the Reubenites, the half-tribe of Manasseh, and the Gadites into exile. They were taken to Habor, Halah, Hara and the river of Gozan.

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1 Chronicles 5 (King James Version)

1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.

2 For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph’s:)

3 The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

4 The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

5 Micah his son, Reaia his son, Baal his son,

6 Beerah his son, whom Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites.

7 And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,

8 And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baalmeon:

9 And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead.

10 And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.

11 And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salchah:

12 Joel the chief, and Shapham the next, and Jaanai, and Shaphat in Bashan.

13 And their brethren of the house of their fathers were, Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheba, and Jorai, and Jachan, and Zia, and Heber, seven.

14 These are the children of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of Jahdo, the son of Buz;

15 Ahi the son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, chief of the house of their fathers.

16 And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders.

17 All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.

18 The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war.

19 And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.

20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.

21 And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand.

22 For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.

23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.

24 And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.

25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.

26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.

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