Mahatma Gandhi Timeline

Mahatma Gandhi Timeline in Chronological Order


1869 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is born on October 2 in Porbandar, in the western Indian state of Gujarat, to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai.
1883 At the age of 13, Gandhi marries Kasturba Makhanji, who is also 13 years old at the time.
1888 Gandhi travels to England to study law at University College London and become a barrister.
1891 Gandhi returns to India after completing his studies in England and begins practicing law in Bombay (now Mumbai).
1893 Gandhi moves to South Africa to work for an Indian merchant’s legal case. It is here that he first experiences racial discrimination, which leads him to fight for civil rights for Indians in South Africa.
1906 Gandhi launches the Satyagraha (nonviolent resistance) movement in response to the Transvaal government’s discriminatory legislation against Indians in South Africa.
1915 Gandhi returns to India and joins the Indian National Congress, a political party fighting for Indian independence from British rule.
1917 Gandhi leads the Champaran Satyagraha, a nonviolent protest against the forced cultivation of indigo by British planters in the Champaran district of Bihar, India.
1918 Gandhi organizes the Ahmedabad Mill Strike, a nonviolent protest against low wages and poor working conditions for mill workers in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
1919 Gandhi calls for a nationwide nonviolent protest, known as the Non-Cooperation Movement, against the British colonial government’s Rowlatt Act, which allowed for the detention of Indians without trial.
1920 The Non-Cooperation Movement gains momentum
1922 Gandhi is arrested and charged with sedition by the British government. He is sentenced to six years in prison but is released early in 1924 due to health issues.
1930 Gandhi leads the Salt March, a 240-mile nonviolent protest against the British monopoly on salt production and taxation in India. The march lasts from March 12 to April 6, with thousands of Indians joining in.
1931 Gandhi represents the Indian National Congress at the Round Table Conference in London, which aimed to discuss constitutional reforms in India.
1942 Gandhi launches the Quit India Movement, calling for an end to British rule in India and demanding immediate independence.
1944 Kasturba Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi’s wife, passes away at the age of 74 while imprisoned with her husband in the Aga Khan Palace in Pune.
1947 India gains independence from British rule on August 15. However, the country is partitioned into two separate nations: India and Pakistan.

January 30. Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist, while attending a prayer meeting in New Delhi. He dies at the age of 78.