Karl Marx Timeline

Karl Marx Timeline in Chronological Order


1818 Karl Marx is born on May 5 in Trier, Prussia (now Germany), to Heinrich Marx and Henrietta Pressburg.
1835 Marx graduates from the Trier Gymnasium and enrolls at the University of Bonn to study law.
1836 Marx transfers to the University of Berlin to continue his law studies and becomes interested in philosophy.
1841 Marx earns his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Jena.
1842 Marx becomes a journalist and editor for the Rheinische Zeitung, a radical newspaper in Cologne, Germany.
1843 Marx moves to Paris and begins writing for the German-French Annals, where he develops his ideas on socialism and communism.
1844 Marx meets Friedrich Engels in Paris, and they form a lifelong intellectual partnership.
1845 Marx is expelled from Paris and moves to Brussels, where he continues to develop his theories on socialism and communism.

Marx and Engels publish the “Communist Manifesto,” which lays out their ideas on class struggle and the necessity for a communist revolution.

1850 Marx moves to London, where he spends the rest of his life writing and organizing for the communist movement.
1864 Marx helps found the International Workingmen’s Association (also known as the First International), an organization dedicated to uniting socialist and communist movements around the world.
1867 Marx publishes the first volume of “Das Kapital
1871 Marx writes “The Civil War in France,” a pamphlet supporting the Paris Commune, which was a short-lived revolutionary government in Paris.
1875 Marx critiques the German Social Democratic Party’s Gotha Program, outlining his disagreements with their approach to socialism and advocating for a more revolutionary path.
1881 Marx’s wife, Jenny von Westphalen, passes away on December 2.
1883 Karl Marx dies on March 14 in London, England, at the age of 64. He is buried in Highgate Cemetery.
1885 Friedrich Engels publishes the second volume of “Das Kapital” posthumously, based on Marx’s notes.
1894 Engels publishes the third volume of “Das Kapital,” further expanding on Marx’s analysis of capitalism.
20th Century Marx’s ideas influence numerous revolutionary movements and governments around the world, including the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the establishment of the Soviet Union.