1. What field is Isaac Newton most famous for?
a) Literature
b) Philosophy
c) Physics
d) Music
2. What are the three fundamental laws that Isaac Newton formulated?
a) Laws of Thermodynamics
b) Laws of Motion
c) Laws of Gravitation
d) Laws of Electromagnetism
3. Which book did Isaac Newton write that contains most of his fundamental discoveries?
a) Opticks
b) Principia Mathematica
c) Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
d) De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium
4. What is the name of the force that Isaac Newton discovered that affects all objects with mass?
a) Electromagnetic force
b) Gravitational force
c) Nuclear force
d) Frictional force
5. What branch of mathematics did Isaac Newton invent?
a) Algebra
b) Geometry
c) Trigonometry
d) Calculus
6. What position did Isaac Newton hold at the University of Cambridge?
a) Professor of Astronomy
b) Professor of Physics
c) Professor of Mathematics
d) Professor of Philosophy
7. In addition to his work in physics and mathematics, Newton also made significant contributions to which other field?
a) Optics
b) Biology
c) Geology
d) Medicine
8. What device did Isaac Newton invent to study the spectrum of light?
a) Microscope
b) Telescope
c) Newton’s Rings
d) Newton’s Prism
9. What color did Isaac Newton add to the traditional color spectrum?
a) Orange
b) Indigo
c) Pink
d) Brown
10. What famous story is often told about Newton’s inspiration for his theory of gravity?
a) An apple falling from a tree
b) A stone falling into a well
c) A leaf floating in the wind
d) A feather and a coin falling at the same rate
11. Which famous mathematician was a rival of Isaac Newton?
a) René Descartes
b) Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
c) Blaise Pascal
d) Pierre de Fermat
12. What position did Isaac Newton hold in the British government later in his life?
a) Prime Minister
b) Secretary of State
c) Warden of the Royal Mint
d) Chief Justice
13. What was Isaac Newton’s view on religion?
a) Atheist
b) Deist
c) Christian
d) Buddhist
14. Which scientific field did Isaac Newton’s work lay the foundation for?
a) Quantum Mechanics
b) Relativity
c) Classical Mechanics
d) Thermodynamics
15. What is the mathematical formula for Newton’s second law of motion?
a) F = ma
b) F = mv
c) F = 1/2 mv^2
d) F = G(m1*m2)/r^2
16. What was the name of the club formed by a group of scientists, including Newton, to discuss their ideas and experiments?
a) The Royal Society
b) The Lunar Society
c) The Invisible College
d) The Philosophical Society
17. Which scientist’s work on the laws of planetary motion influenced Newton’s law of universal gravitation?
a) Galileo Galilei
b) Johannes Kepler
c) Tycho Brahe
d) Nicolaus Copernicus
18. What is the unit of force named in honor of Isaac Newton?
a) Newton (N)
b) Joule (J)
c) Pascal (Pa)
d) Watt (W)
19. What natural phenomenon did Newton’s work on optics help to explain?
a) Rainbows
b) Solar eclipses
c) Lunar eclipses
d) Aurora borealis
20. Where was Isaac Newton born?
a) London, England
b) Paris, France
c) Woolsthorpe, England
d) Edinburgh, Scotland
Answer Key:

1. c) Physics
2. b) Laws of Motion
3. c) Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
4. b) Gravitational force
5. d) Calculus
6. c) Professor of Mathematics
7. a) Optics
8. d) Newton’s Prism
9. b) Indigo
10. a) An apple falling from a tree
11. b) Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
12. c) Warden of the Royal Mint
13. c) Christian
14. c) Classical Mechanics
15. a) F = ma
16. a) The Royal Society
17. b) Johannes Kepler
18. a) Newton (N)
19. a) Rainbows
20. c) Woolsthorpe, England