**Objective:** To provide high school students with an understanding of the life, achievements, and impact of Sir Isaac Newton on the fields of physics, mathematics, and astronomy, particularly his discoveries and contributions to the development of modern science.

**Lesson Duration: 60 minutes**

##### Lesson Procedure:

**I. Introduction (10 minutes) **

A. Begin the lesson by engaging students in a brief discussion on the importance of scientific breakthroughs and their impact on our understanding of the world.

B. Introduce Sir Isaac Newton as a revolutionary scientist and the father of modern physics.

C. Provide a brief overview of the historical context during Newton’s time, focusing on the Scientific Revolution and its influence on modern science.

D. Explain that today’s lesson will focus on the life of Isaac Newton, his major discoveries, and his contributions to the fields of physics, mathematics, and astronomy.

**II. Isaac Newton’s Early Life and Education (15 minutes) **

A. Distribute the handout on Isaac Newton’s timeline and key events.

B. Discuss Newton’s early life, including his family background, education, and his initial interest in science and mathematics.

C. Explain Newton’s time at the University of Cambridge, his study of mathematics and natural philosophy, and the influence of his mentors and other scientists.

D. Encourage students to take notes and ask questions throughout the discussion.

**III. Newton’s Discoveries and Contributions to Science (20 minutes) **

A. Detail Newton’s major discoveries and contributions to science, including his laws of motion, law of universal gravitation, and development of calculus.

B. Discuss Newton’s work on optics, including his experiments with prisms and his theories on the nature of light and color.

C. Explain the significance of Newton’s “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy” (commonly known as “Principia”) and its impact on the development of modern physics.

D. Show a video clip on Isaac Newton’s discoveries and contributions to science (optional).

**IV. The Legacy of Isaac Newton and the Impact of His Work (10 minutes) **

A. Discuss the influence of Newton’s work on subsequent generations of scientists and mathematicians, including Albert Einstein and other prominent figures.

B. Explain the ongoing significance of Newton’s discoveries in modern science, technology, and our understanding of the universe.

C. Encourage students to consider how Newton’s curiosity, persistence, and innovative thinking led to groundbreaking discoveries that continue to shape our world.

**V. Conclusion and Class Discussion (5 minutes)**

A. Summarize the main points of Isaac Newton’s life, his major discoveries, and his impact on modern science.

B. Engage students in a discussion about the role of curiosity, innovation, and persistence in scientific discovery and the importance of understanding the history of scientific achievements.

C. Assign students to research and prepare a short presentation on another influential scientist or mathematician (e.g., Galileo Galilei, Marie Curie, Alan Turing) for the next class.