Genesis Chapter 33

Genesis 33 describes the meeting between Esau and Jacob. Although Jacob expected his brother to harm him, Esau actually forgave him. The two brothers made amends and Jacob arrived in Canaan.

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Jacob Meets Esau

When Jacob saw his brother coming in the distance accompanied by 400 men, he divided his children amongst Leah, Rachel and two handmaids. The maids together with their children were put in the front line, followed by Leah and her children, with Rachel and her son Joseph bringing up the rear. Jacob went ahead of them and bowed to the ground 7 times as he came towards Esau. Instead of meeting his brother with anger, Esau met him with peace and acceptance in his heart. The brothers embraced and wept at their reunion.

When Jacob’s wives and the handmaids arrived, Esau asked Jacob who they were. Jacob told him that they were his wives and children. He introduced them, starting with the handmaids and their children, then Leah and her children, and finally Rachel and her son. After meeting his brother’s family, Esau told Jacob to take back the gifts that he had sent to him. Jacob refused and begged him to accept them, saying that God had blessed him greatly. Esau relented and accepted his brother’s gifts.

Jacob and Esau Separate

After accepting the gifts, Esau suggested that they break camp and go their separate ways. Because he had young children and several animals that required nursing, Jacob asked Esau to lead while he proceeded at a slower place. Esau agreed and went back to Seir while Jacob journeyed south, toward Succoth, to build a home.

Jacob and his family arrived safely at the city of Shechem in Canaan. Here, he bought a piece of land and settled there. After pitching his tent, he erected an alter and called it EleloheIsrael, meaning “the God of Israel.”

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Genesis Chapter 33 (King James Version)

1 And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids.
2 And he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost.
3 And he passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.
4 And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept.
5 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the children; and said, Who are those with thee? And he said, The children which God hath graciously given thy servant.
6 Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves.
7 And Leah also with her children came near, and bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and they bowed themselves.
8 And he said, What meanest thou by all this drove which I met? And he said, These are to find grace in the sight of my lord.
9 And Esau said, I have enough, my brother; keep that thou hast unto thyself.
10 And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as though I had seen the face of God, and thou wast pleased with me.
11 Take, I pray thee, my blessing that is brought to thee; because God hath dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough. And he urged him, and he took it.
12 And he said, Let us take our journey, and let us go, and I will go before thee.
13 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with young are with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die.
14 Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children be able to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir.
15 And Esau said, Let me now leave with thee some of the folk that are with me. And he said, What needeth it? let me find grace in the sight of my lord.
16 So Esau returned that day on his way unto Seir.
17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: therefore the name of the place is called Succoth.
18 And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city.
19 And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for an hundred pieces of money.
20 And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.

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