Early Dynastic Egypt


The beginning of the Early Dynastic Period is marked by the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt around 3100 B.C., lasting until about 2686 B.C. The era included the 1st and 2nd Dynasties. It was during this time that many Egyptian mythology, art, and architecture took shape.

Early Dynastic Egypt Timeline (c. 3100-2686 B.C.)

3100 BC Egyptian-hieroglyphs-sqEgyptians develop hieroglyphic writing, and ancient writing system which consisted of alphabetic and logographic elements
3000 BC Egyptians start to keep track of time based on three natural cycles: the solar year, the lunar month and the solar day
3000 BC Statue-of-Hathor-at-Luxor-Museum-sq The Egyptians worship the sun. Early solar deities were mostly goddesses: Hathor, Sekhmet, Wadjet, Menhit, Nut, Bat, and Bast. Hathor, then Isis, each gave birth to Horus and Ra
2920 BC Pharaoh-Narmer-from-the-Narmer-Palette-in-Cairo-sq The 1st Dynasty starts with Narmer (Pharaoh Menes). He wins many battles in the north and unites most of Egypt. He centers the capital at Hiku-Ptah (Memphis), where the Ptah cult was located.
2900 BC King Djer, a 1st Dynasty ruler, is buried in Umm el-Qa’ab at Abydos, the seat of the cult of Osiris.
2890 BC Stone-vase-of-Hotepsekhemwy-sq The 2nd Dynasty begins with Hotepsekhemwy, the king’s Horus name. “Hotep” means “to be pleased” or “peaceful”, though it can also mean “conciliation,” which might refer to the reconciliation of Upper and Lower Egypt during his time.
2800 BC Egyptians started mining projects in Sinai, which would be very crucial in the construction of pyramids and other magnificent structures in later eras.
2700 BC Papyrus-paper-sq Egyptians develop papyrus paper for writing and documenting.

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