Alexander the Great Timeline

Alexander the Great Timeline in Chronological Order
356 BCJuly 20. Alexander the Great is born in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon.
343 BCAlexander’s father, King Philip II of Macedon, hires Aristotle to be Alexander’s tutor.
336 BCKing Philip II is assassinated, and Alexander becomes king of Macedon at the age of 20.
334 BC

Alexander leads an army of Macedonian and Greek soldiers across the Hellespont (modern-day Dardanelles) and begins his conquest of the Persian Empire.

May 11. The Battle of the Granicus River is fought, with Alexander’s forces defeating the Persians.

333 BCNov 1. The Battle of Issus is fought, with Alexander’s forces again defeating the Persians.
332 BC

Alexander conquers Egypt and founds the city of Alexandria.

Alexander is declared the son of the Egyptian god Amun-Ra.

331 BCOct 1. The Battle of Gaugamela is fought, with Alexander’s forces decisively defeating the Persian army.
330 BCAlexander captures the Persian capital city of Persepolis.
327 BC

Alexander marries Roxana, a Bactrian princess.

Alexander leads an army into India, where he defeats King Porus in the Battle of the Hydaspes.

326 BCAlexander’s army mutinies at the Hyphasis River and refuses to march any further east.
323 BC

Alexander falls ill and dies in Babylon at the age of 32.

His empire is divided among his generals, marking the beginning of the Hellenistic period.