Alexander the Great Lesson Plan

Objective: To provide high school students with an understanding of the life, achievements, and impact of Alexander the Great on world history and the spread of Hellenistic culture.


  • Textbook or other reference materials on Alexander the Great and ancient history
  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Handout on Alexander the Great (with a timeline and key events)
  • Video clip on Alexander the Great (optional)
  • Map of Alexander’s empire and conquests

Lesson Duration: 60 minutes

Lesson Procedure:

I. Introduction (10 minutes)

A. Begin the lesson by engaging students in a brief discussion on the concept of empire and conquest in history.

B. Introduce Alexander the Great as one of the most well-known and influential military leaders in history.

C. Provide a brief overview of the ancient world, focusing on the rise of Macedon and the Greek city-states.

D. Explain that today’s lesson will focus on the life of Alexander the Great, his conquests, and the spread of Hellenistic culture.

II. Alexander the Great’s Early Life and Rise to Power (15 minutes)

A. Distribute the handout on Alexander the Great’s timeline and key events.

B. Discuss Alexander’s early life, including his family background, education, and tutelage under Aristotle.

C. Explain the political climate in Macedon and Greece during his time.

D. Discuss Alexander’s rise to power, including his ascension to the throne and the consolidation of his rule over the Greek city-states.

E. Encourage students to take notes and ask questions throughout the discussion.

III. Alexander the Great’s Conquests and Military Tactics (15 minutes)

A. Detail Alexander’s military campaigns, such as the battles of Issus, Gaugamela, and the conquest of Persia.

B. Discuss his military tactics, including the use of the phalanx formation and the integration of different military units.

C. Explain Alexander’s strategy of incorporating conquered peoples into his army and administration.

D. Show a video clip on Alexander the Great’s conquests (optional).

IV. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture and Alexander’s Legacy (10 minutes)

A. Discuss how Alexander’s conquests led to the spread of Hellenistic culture throughout his empire.

B. Explain the concept of Hellenistic culture, which combined Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and other local cultures.

C. Discuss the impact of Hellenistic culture on science, art, literature, and philosophy.

D. Explain Alexander’s untimely death and the division of his empire among his generals.

V. Conclusion and Class Discussion (10 minutes)

A. Summarize the main points of Alexander the Great’s life, his conquests, and the spread of Hellenistic culture.

B. Engage students in a discussion about Alexander’s legacy and how it can be seen in modern society, such as the influence of Hellenistic culture on Western civilization.

C. Encourage students to share their thoughts on Alexander’s leadership style and whether his empire would have survived if he had lived longer.

D. Assign students to research and prepare a short presentation on another influential military leader (e.g., Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, Napoleon Bonaparte) for the next class.