**Objective:** To provide high school students with an understanding of the life, achievements, and impact of Albert Einstein on the fields of physics, mathematics, and philosophy, particularly his discoveries and contributions to the development of modern science.

**Lesson Duration: 60 minutes**

##### Lesson Procedure:

**I. Introduction (10 minutes)**

A. Begin the lesson by engaging students in a brief discussion on the importance of scientific discoveries and their impact on our understanding of the natural world.

B. Introduce Albert Einstein as a revolutionary physicist and one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.

C. Provide a brief overview of the historical context during Einstein’s time, focusing on the changing scientific beliefs and the development of modern physics.

D. Explain that today’s lesson will focus on the life of Albert Einstein, his major discoveries, and his contributions to the fields of physics, mathematics, and philosophy.

**II. Albert Einstein’s Early Life and Education (15 minutes) **

A. Distribute the handout on Albert Einstein’s timeline and key events.

B. Discuss Einstein’s early life, including his family background, education, and his initial interest in science and mathematics.

C. Explain Einstein’s time at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, his study of physics and mathematics, and the influence of his mentors and other scientists.

D. Encourage students to take notes and ask questions throughout the discussion.

**III. Einstein’s Major Discoveries and Contributions to Science (20 minutes)**

A. Detail Einstein’s major discoveries and contributions to science, including his theory of relativity and the equation E=mcÂ˛.

B. Discuss Einstein’s work on the photoelectric effect and his theory of Brownian motion.

C. Explain the significance of Einstein’s “Annus Mirabilis Papers” and its impact on the development of modern physics.

D. Show a video clip on Albert Einstein’s discoveries and contributions to science (optional).

**IV. Einstein’s Impact on Modern Science and Philosophy (10 minutes)**

A. Discuss the influence of Einstein’s work on subsequent generations of scientists, philosophers, and thinkers.

B. Explain the ongoing significance of Einstein’s discoveries in modern science, technology, and our understanding of the universe.

C. Encourage students to consider how Einstein’s ideas have influenced and shaped our perception of space, time, and the nature of reality.

**V. Conclusion and Class Discussion (5 minutes)**

A. Summarize the main points of Albert Einstein’s life, his major discoveries, and his impact on modern science.

B. Engage students in a discussion about the importance of curiosity, creativity, and innovation in scientific discovery and the role of scientific theories and ideas in shaping our understanding of the world. C. Assign students to research and prepare a short presentation on another influential scientist or philosopher (e.g., Stephen Hawking, Galileo Galilei, Immanuel Kant) for the next class.