Thirteen Original Colonies


Thirteen Colonies and future states.
Photo by: Kmusser Creative Commons

What is now known as the United States of America began its formation between the 17th and the 18th century. Thirteen colonies were originally part of it, and they are also known as the original states of America. The very first Colony was Virginia (originally Jamestown), was founded in 1607 and the last of the 13 colonies to form was Georgia. Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Georgia, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Maryland, New York, Rhode Island and Providence, and North Carolina are the thirteen colonies which united in order to be free from foreign rule.

Timeline of Original 13 Colonies of the United States

Virginia

was home to one of the first ever foreign settlers of America. Founded in 1607, it was originally named Jamestown, after King James I. It was home to the first representative government in all of America, when the House of Burgesses met for the first time in 1619.


New York

was founded in 1624. When the British claimed its territories in America, New York was part of the Province of York, along with Delaware, New Jersey and Vermont. The king reassigned these places after some time to become individual colonies, and New York was named after James, Duke of York.

New Hampshire

was founded in 1622, and it was named after Hampshire in England. When the American Revolution first broke out, New Hampshire became a divided state. There were several wealthy men who lived luxurious lives and there were also those who had the capital to start businesses, known as the merchants. New Hampshire was home to poor people; it had its share of laborers, slaves, servants and mariners. The main trades of New Hampshire back then were agriculture and manufacturing. People of New Hampshire were fishermen, shoemakers, cobblers and farmers. Even the first settlements in New Hampshire were those of fishermen, and they lived near modern-day Portsmouth.


Massachusetts

was founded in 1630. Settlers from Shawmuth and Trimoutaine changed its name to Boston, which is still named after a city in England. In 1635, the first public school in America was founded and was named Boston Latin School. It is still standing and is now the oldest school in the whole of America. The first public park was built in Boston, as did the first American newspaper. Massachusetts was home to two major causes of the American Revolution, namely the Boston Massacre in 1770 and the Boston Tea Party in 1773.

Maryland

was named after Queen Henrietta Maria and was founded in 1632. It became the first English colony to have dominant Catholic members, and it is home to one of the first religious laws in America.

Connecticut

was founded in 1635. The first settlers of Connecticut were originally Dutchmen who lived near modern-day Hartford. Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay were the first English settlers in the colony, and they founded several colonies within it, making Connecticut one of the most important centers of business and government.

It was home to one of the bloodiest wars in America which is known as the Pequot War. Hundreds of people died in this war, and hundreds more were taken captive and sold into slavery. Seven hundred Pequot residents died in the Mystic [River] Massacre; seven survived the massacre and were made slaves; while seven others escaped both of these unfortunate incidents.

Rhode Island

and Providence were the smallest colony of England in America, and was founded in 1636. It was the first colony of England that declared independence and separation from the English rule.

Delaware

was founded in 1638, and Dutchmen were its first settlers. It is home to the Battle of Delaware Bay during the American Revolutionary War. It was in this war when the 13-star colonial flag made its first appearance in a battle, and this kind of flag had then been used from 1777 to 1795. Delaware is America’s first state.

North Carolina

was founded in 1653 but it was the first places to be inhabited in the New World in 1587. It is home to the first English child born into the New World, but after three years, the first colonists mysteriously disappeared with no known trace up to this day.

South Carolina

was founded by the Lord Proprietors in 1663. Six years later, the Fundamental Constitution of Carolina was written by John Locke.

New Jersey

was founded in 1664 by the British crown, though Dutch
settlements were already there as early as in 1613. It was then called New Netherland, and the land area was known to include some parts of New York. New Jersey was given to Lord Berkeley of Stratton and Sir George Carteret by King Charles.

Pennsylvania

was founded in 1681, but a Swedish man named Peter Minuit had rightly claimed it in 1638. King Charles II gave William Penn the land grant for what is now known as Pennsylvania. It was named as such after William Penn’s father, Admiral Penn.

Georgia

was founded in 1733, and was named after King George II. It became subject to frequent invasions. It experienced the worst in 1716 when it became totally devoid of people.

Cause and Effect of the American Revolution

The American Revolution was caused by events that affected both the patriots of America and the loyalists of Britain. Before the American Revolution led to the independence of the 13 colonies of America in the latter half of the 18th century, small upheavals in individual states were seen throughout the country.

Among these were the French and Indian War. This war spanned nine years, but it was known in England as the Seven Years War. It was a clear picture of how the Frenchmen and the Englishmen both wanted supreme power over the lands of America and wanted to become masters of the trade that each represented.

France lost the war, and England imposed the Stamp Act on all written documents in America to be able to pay debts incurred during the war. They put taxes on virtually everything, including paper, tea, glass and paint. These tax issues then led to the American Revolution ten years later.

After the Declaration of Independence, the 13 colonies were formed what is now known as the United States of America. The 13 colonies were divided into three: New England colonies, middle colonies and southern colonies. These states had ultimately determined that the British rule would never again gain their allegiance, thus severing any ties to the English crown.

51 Responses to “Thirteen Original Colonies”

  1. fausta says:

    wow nice but i think you need to ad more on south carilina

  2. jenny says:

    nice job yes more info in south carilina

  3. sweet cake says:

    i love it but u need to add a lil bit more to delaware

  4. justin says:

    good show, good show, but a little more on Rhode Island

  5. Ian Arthur says:

    Best not to mistake England for Britain. The war of independence was fought against the British (englishmen, Scotsmen and Irish men ( or to be more correct men and women))

  6. kurt says:

    was baltimore and boston part of the orginal 13 colonies my teacher said it was

    • Maria says:

      Yes Kurt, Baltimore and Boston are part of the 13 colonies but remember only the states are shown….Maryland & Massachuettes.

  7. Joseph says:

    Good but could put more describing each colony: economic activities (iron, cattle, rice, tobacco, etc. and could also put the rules in each colony

  8. me says:

    i like it but i think it could use more info on baltimore

  9. SAmuel12345 says:

    New York was not founded in 1613, it was founded in 1664.

  10. Matthew Squires says:

    These facts are true and correct.

  11. yahh buddy says:

    heyyyyyy guys! im doing homework :( american heritage sucks do not take it… good job on this though! k later

  12. faceplant says:

    Needs more on massachusetts

  13. William says:

    I like it more on New Jersey

  14. angelina says:

    i love to learn about the thirteen colines

  15. steve says:

    were are the people in the thirteen colonyies?

  16. Arthur says:

    thank you very helpful

  17. Bill says:

    Boston Latin School was founded in 1635, NOT 1935 ! (per http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Latin_School)

  18. Anonymous Person says:

    thanks this helpd mee alot on my report

  19. is fat says:

    haha everybody!

  20. O Jay says:

    i think it was helpfull but in my opinoin there needs to be more on south carolina

  21. cheese says:

    more on south carolina and more important names of people associated with the colonies

  22. your dad says:

    this is a very good website

  23. dan the man says:

    need more info on virginia

  24. edgar says:

    was uppp people this stuff is awsome
    i need help wiith the 13 colonist of alot of things im doing its hard and im getting confused

  25. JT says:

    I need the states after formd in this land

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  27. ren says:

    you need more on New York

  28. Austy says:

    Sorry my friend said that it’s actually perfect but needs more information on a lot of states

  29. Eric Brugh says:

    I actually found thise site very usefull for the VA US History project we are doing in class today

  30. gracie loo says:

    I need maps with cites. :(

  31. tori says:

    ther needs to be more about georgia. goodbye :)

  32. Isaac says:

    I can’t believe they put them in order when they were founded. It really helped.

  33. Pete says:

    Here’s an interesting little story about the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland, the Mason Dixon Line: during early colonial times, tax collectors went into this area to collect taxes. When Penn’s tax collectors came, the local people told them they paid taxes to Lord Baltimore. When Baltimore’s tax collectors came, the local people told them they paid taxes to William Penn. So, Penn and Baltimore got together and hired Mason and Dixon to survey the border between their holdings and the tax dodging came to an end. The End.

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