|Born||Jan. 3, 1906|
|Died||Dec. 31, 1957|
|Works||View Complete Works|
Óscar Domínguez was a surrealist painter who spent most of his working life in France. He was born in the city of San Cristóbal de La Laguna (most often referred to as La Laguna) on the Spanish island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands in 1906.
The artist was afflicted by a progressive disease, which stunted his growth and caused deformities to his limbs and his face. When he was quite young, he moved about ten miles from La Laguna to live with his grandmother in the city of Tacaronte. He developed an interest in art from an early age. Most of his early works were landscape paintings.
He moved to Paris to join his father in 1927 and remained there for the rest of his life. Interestingly, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, which has many of his works, regards his nationality as French.
Many of his best-known paintings were completed in oils on canvas using vivid coloring in the surrealist style. The Picasso influence is very evident in a lot of his paintings, and he was sometimes criticized because of the similarity of his paintings to those of Picasso. Works like Composición con Fondo Azul, done in 1949, and Corrida II and Tauromaquia, both done in 1951, very clearly show Picasso’s influence.
Death and Burial
Dominguez committed suicide on December 31, 1957 by cutting his wrists. He was interred in the Bischoffsheim family tomb in Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris. Dominguez had had an affair with Madame de Noailles, who was a Bischoffsheim and who arranged his burial.