Matthew 17 relates how Jesus takes James, John, and Peter to the top of a high mountain. There they are joined by Elijah and Moses who speak with Jesus.
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On the Mountain
Jesus took James, John, and Peter to the top of a mountain by themselves. When they had reached the top, Jesus’ face shone like the sun and his clothes became radiantly white. Then Moses and Elijah appeared before them and spoke to Jesus. Peter and the others marveled and proposed to make three tabernacles for them.
As he was still speaking, a cloud came over them and a voice proclaimed that Jesus was the son of God and that they should listen to him. When the disciples heard it, they fell to the ground and were afraid. Jesus came to them and implored them to rise and not be afraid. When they had done so, the cloud and prophets were gone. As they began down the mountain, Jesus commanded them to tell no one of the vision until after he had risen again.
While they were on their way, the disciples inquired why the scribes claimed that Elijah would come before the Son of Man. Jesus answered them and explained that Elijah had already come and that he had suffered at their hands. Hearing this, the disciples understood that Jesus spoke of John the Baptist.
Healing a Child
After they had descended from the mountain, a man came to Jesus and asked him to heal his son. He explained that his son suffered from epilepsy and often attempted to throw himself into the fire and water. The man claimed that he had gone to Jesus’ disciples and that they had been unable to heal the child.
When Jesus heard this, he healed the boy and explained to his disciples that they had been unable to do likewise because of their lack of faith.
While Jesus and his disciples were staying in Galilee, Jesus again explained what was about to happen. He told them that they were drawing nearer to the time when he would be betrayed and killed, only to rise again on the third day.
When they left Galilee, they travelled to Capernaum. After arriving, representatives went to Peter and asked if Jesus would paid the temple tax or not. Peter said that he did and went to tell Jesus.
When Peter explained, Jesus noted that tax collectors take from strangers and not their own sons. Therefore, sons of the church should be free. Nonetheless, however, Jesus bade Peter to catch a fish and use the money found in its mouth to pay the tax.
Matthew Chapter 17 (King James Version)
2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
3 And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4 Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid.
7 And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid.
8 And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only.
9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
10 And his disciples asked him, saying, Why then say the scribes that Elias must first come?
11 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall first come, and restore all things.
12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.
13 Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.
14 And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him, and saying,
15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water.
16 And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him.
17 Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me.
18 And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour.
19 Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not we cast him out?
20 And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.
21 Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting.
22 And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
23 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.
24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
25 He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers?
26 Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus saith unto him, Then are the children free.
27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.