List of 27 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

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There are currently 27 ratified amendments (of which the first ten are known as the Bill of Rights) to the Constitution since its enactment. The fifth article of the U.S. Constitution details the procedure for amending it. For an amendment to become official, it must pass a majority of two-thirds from both the House and the Senate of the United States Congress. Alternatively, an amendment could be proposed through the state legislatures with a majority of two-thirds (a process called constitutional convention). It is then officially a component of the Constitution when three-fourths of States ratify it.

1st Amendment: Guarantees the right to the freedoms of speech, press, and religion. Protects the right to petition the government.

2nd Amendment: Guarantees the people’s right to own and bear arms for their defense.

3rd Amendment: Citizens cannot be forced to quarter soldiers during times of peace.

4th Amendment: Citizens cannot be forced to subject themselves to seizure and search without a search warrant and probable cause.

5th Amendment: Prohibits abuse of governmental authority in legal procedures. Establishes rules for indictment by eminent domain and grand jury. Guarantees the due process rights. Protects citizens from self-incrimination and double jeopardy.

6th Amendment: Guarantees fair and speedy jury trial and the rights to know the accusation, the accuser, and to find counsel and witnesses.

7th Amendment: Reserves individuals’ rights to jury trial depending on the civil case, and cases already examined by not be re-opened by another court.

8th Amendment: Forbids exorbitant bails and fines and punishment that is unusual or cruel.

9th Amendment: Reserves the rights of citizens which are not specifically mentioned by the U.S. Constitution.

10th Amendment: Reserves powers that are not given to the U.S. government under the Constitution, nor prohibited to a State of the U.S., to the people and the States.

11th Amendment: State sovereign immunity. States are protected from suits by citizens living in another state or foreigners that do not reside within the state borders. Ratified: Feb. 7, 1795

12th Amendment: Modifies and clarifies the procedure for electing vice-presidents and presidents.

13th Amendment: Except as punishment for criminal offense, forbids forced-slavery and involuntary servitude.

14th Amendment: Details Equal Protection Clause, Due Process Clause, Citizenship Clause, and clauses dealing with the Confederacy and its officials.

15th Amendment: Reserves citizens the suffrage rights regardless of their race, color, or previous slave status.

16th Amendment: Reserves the U.S. government the right to tax income.

17th Amendment: Establishes popular voting as the process under which senators are elected.

18th Amendment: Denies the sale and consumption of alcohol.

19th Amendment: Reserves women’s suffrage rights.

20th Amendment: also known as the “lame duck amendment,” establishes date of term starts for Congress (January 3) & the President (January 20).

21st Amendment: Details the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment. State laws over alcohol are to remain.

22nd Amendment: Limit the terms that an individual can be elected as president (at most two terms). Individuals who have served over two years of someone else’s term may not be elected more than once.

23rd Amendment: Reserves the right of citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for their own Electors for presidential elections.

24th Amendment: citizens cannot be denied the suffrage rights for not paying a poll tax or any other taxes.

25th Amendment: establishes the procedures for a successor of a President.

26th Amendment: Reserves the right for citizens 18 and older to vote.

27th Amendment: Denies any laws that vary the salaries of Congress members until the beginning of the next terms of office for Representatives.

45 responses to “List of 27 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution”

  1. Dennis Purvis says:

    It is time for the 28th amendment: Congress shall make no law affecting the citizens that does not affect congress equally and congress shall make no law affecting congress that does not affect the citizens equally. Congress shall not exempt themselves from any law they pass.

    • Ronald Grens says:

      Totally agree with you Dennis.

    • Sadie says:

      I also agree because it is not fair for them to make the laws and not follow them.

    • Keilah Folkertsma says:

      Yes, that would make a fantastic 28th amendment.

    • Kylie Jenner says:

      I tots agree with you Dennis!

    • Pil-Z says:

      This is already a thing. Rule of law.

    • kyle says:

      totally true like to be equal

    • Andrew Eves says:

      They are under the same law, its called democracy. It has been present since the forced signing of the Magna Carta and states everyone is equal in regards to law. The principle has been adopted universally and no one is above the law. I dont know where you even get the notion Congress doesnt comply to laws set forth and established.

    • unknown says:

      thy already cant do that do to the fact that not just 1 branch of government is more powerful so in less all for the 3 branches agree to make a law that only effects the congress

    • unknown says:

      no because that all ready cant do that and no one branch of government is power foll then another so unless all the other branches (the 3 branches) pass what ever law that congress make so their is no use in that amendment.

    • Theo says:

      I don’t think that’s feasible. If they pass a law that raises their salary, would that affect the American people’s salaries too? It couldn’t! If they passed a law raising the amount of money they paid for the gym, for example, that couldn’t affect the people at large. If Congress caught on fire too often, and passed a law that mandated renovation, that simply wouldn’t be constitutional under your proposed 28th. However, all these examples are perfectly legitimate pieces of legislation. Clearly, these counterexamples are proof that your amendment would not be practical.

    • anna says:

      rule of law states that a concept that those who govern are bound by laws: no one is above the law. Therefor congress has to by law follow the same laws as we do. so there is no need for that to be the 28th amendment because its already a thing legally.

  2. I agree that we need a 28th amendment exactly as stated above !!!!


    I ABSOLUTELY agree with Dennis Purvis!

  4. Lauren says:

    I think that the 28th amendment should be Equal Rights, seen as it is one of the most proposed amendments and in 2010 for every $1 a man made a woman made $0.77. And nowadays women have caught up to men on education standards and women actually surpass men in educational achievements. So why are men payed more? And the United States is one of two countries that doesn’t give women anything for maternity leave/having a child while all other countries do (with the exception of North Korea because we don’t know like anything about them).

    • Brian says:

      The wage gap is a myth–not real. Women also are given maternity leave in the US…

      • Sam says:

        The wage gap is real as you are. Just because you don’t want to believe it, doesn’t mean it’s true. I completely agree with Lauren

        • Ron says:

          Hey yo Sam, Brian doesn’t want to believe the wage gap doesn’t exist BECAUSE it doesn’t exist. Men do harder, more punishing jobs that women don’t want to do, then they turn around and spout lies like “this is oppression” or “women need to be treated equally”. Women do all the soft cushy jobs and expect to make as much, or sometimes more than men. While Brian was right about fraternity leave, there are other things like women taking more days off, and again, men doing the harder job. Some women are always complaining about a supposed “wage gap”, but if they want $0.33 more to a dollar, than they should do the more dangerous jobs, the harder jobs, the jobs that take years of school. Think before you talk shit.

          • FitzHStyron says:

            Ron, while I applaud your passion, the wage gap is very real, but only in certain businesses…a female friend of mine, and I, both went after a position at a health insurance company…now, I had been in car insurance for a year, she for three, and she was damn good at it. They offered each of us a position, and MY starting hourly rate was 24.50, where hers was (drumroll) 20.75….more experience, better at the job, and was STILL offered less. To this day, I’m positive that happened bc of something she couldn’t control: her genitals.

    • Joe says:

      Your facts are wrong, but you have a valid point

    • Michael says:

      You literally think women get less? NO! That would be illegal and you can sue if it would be that way! Women make less than men by the way they work, not in general. Women generally work less than men and women take less stressful jobs than men, so that’s why men get paid more. Not to mention the fact that women tend to focus on families more and I’m not saying that that is a bad thing.

      • @reedymd says:

        Unequal pay is not illegal but I would say it’s immoral. My husband and I are both primary care docs, with the same job, hours, etc., working for the same employer in the same office. He is paid 10% more than me. Crazy, right? I actually generate more income for our practice, too. We wouldn’t sue because it would take time and money and energy, and alienate our practice and detract from the thing we love to do—take care of people.

    • James says:

      If what you say is true, women are paid 23% less than men, business owners would never hire men.

    • Roberta says:

      Years ago there was a wage gap, but not now. Years ago only women could get maternity leave, but SOME jobs offer it to fathers as well but I don’t know if for as long. And both mothers and father’s are allowed to take family medical leave for family members.

  5. Marlon Myers says:

    Dennis excellent idea, However that’s a little too much like Right!

  6. Noah says:

    Because Lauren may usually is connected with the amount of work are you going to pay a woman 1 dollar to move a 50lb and have it take her 2 trips or pay the dollar to someone who can do it in 1 trip which is usually a man

    • Katie says:

      On the contrary Noah, about the same amount of women are fit and able to carry large loads as men. And besides, most work in America today doesn’t revolve around physical activity.

  7. Unpacified says:

    Right now it just turned sept. 17. We are trying to overturn the Citizens United ruling, Go to Move To Amend
    Sign the petition, donate,volunteer, if nothing sign the petition! This would give us a chance.
    I also just want to state that these previous comments are very ignorant. These are the people that put forth no effort in finding out what’s going on, because they already know they live in the greatest country in the world, their news channel(which also funds politicians) tells them all they need to know…

  8. Unpacified says:

    Additionally it would be awsome if you could help take on the DARK ACT, if you don’t know about gmos,pesticides,herbicides,chem. Fertilizers or the correlation between the side effects of these chemicals, and major diseases & cancers that are reocurring, as well as the long list of death ingredients in your food you probably want too:)
    PS it stands for Deny Americans the Right to Know.

  9. todd berkl says:

    i do not agree with those ratty answers there is 27 not 28 so dont try to change that

  10. Summer says:

    Okay Noah i get your point of view, how ever it very unlikely that “woman” took on a job where she could not carry a 50lb bag from point A to point B. I my self can do that with ease and i am a woman.

  11. Joe says:

    The constitution as it is should not be changed, as a republican I highly think we need to stop changing the government of the U.S.A like the last few presidents have been doing. I also think major crimes such as murder, rape, burglary e.t.c should have a much larger consequence then they do now. Any replies will be greatly appreciated and God bless you all!!!

  12. Emily says:

    How bout you all just shut up. None of you know about the Constitution as much as you think you do. I need to know more about it too. But don’t think you were one of the men standing right next to James Madison as he wrote this document, cause yall aint!

  13. Emily says:

    oh and everyone who wasn’t included in the ignorrant back talk, you all are very smart and sweet. God Bless!

  14. hi says:

    i personly don’t like trump but i don’t hate him.

  15. Roland Othgood says:

    The 28th Amendment: An Amendment to the 1st Amendment Free Speech Clause.

    No person shall be allowed to comment on an issue about the US Constitution without having passed, within the last year, a written essay exam on Constitutional History with at least an 85% passing score, as graded by a panel of liberal and conservative professors of the subject.


  16. Bubble says:

    1. Makes the people feel empowered as well

    2. Makes them feel protected

    3. Makes them all equal

  17. c bright says:

    28th Amendment: if the gov’t shut down, Congress should not be paid or receive any compensation!

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