Joshua Chapter 18

Seven tribes of Israel had still not been given their inheritance. Joshua said that three males from each of the seven tribes were to go and survey the land. Then the land would be divided. He said that Judah was to stay in its territory and the Joseph tribe was to stay in their territory as well.

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Casting Lots for Inheritance

Joshua said he would cast lots of land for them in God’s presence. He also said that the Levites would not get a portion because their priestly service was their inheritance. The men went and surveyed the land and wrote descriptions about it. They then returned to Joshua and he cast the lots for them and gave the land to the remaining tribes based on their tribal divisions.

Benjamin’s Allotment

The first lot that was cast was for the Benjamin tribe. Their territory was in between the Judah and Joseph tribes. The northern border of their territory started at the Jordan River, went along the northern Jericho slope, then west towards the hill country, and came out near Beth Aven.

From there it crossed to the southern Luz slope and then it went down towards Ataroth Addar along the southern hill of lower Beth Horon. From Beth Horon, the border went south towards the western side and it ended at Kiriath Baal, a Judah town.

The Southern Border

The southern border started at the west side of Kiriath Jearim, then it went to the Neptoah spring waters, and next it went towards the Ben Hinnom Valley, and finally to the northern part of the Rephaim Valley. It extended down the Valley of Hinnom, down the south slope of the Jebusite and proceeded towards En Rogel.

Then it curved north, and went up to En Shemesh, where it continued to Geliloth. After that, it went down towards the Stone of Bohan. It then went towards the north Beth Arabah slope, then to Arabah, and along the Beth Hoglah northern slope and it ended at the Dead Sea’s northern bay. The tribe of Benjamin’s territory also included many towns and villages.

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Joshua 18 (King James Version)

1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them.

2 And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance.

3 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, How long are ye slack to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you?

4 Give out from among you three men for each tribe: and I will send them, and they shall rise, and go through the land, and describe it according to the inheritance of them; and they shall come again to me.

5 And they shall divide it into seven parts: Judah shall abide in their coast on the south, and the house of Joseph shall abide in their coasts on the north.

6 Ye shall therefore describe the land into seven parts, and bring the description hither to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the LORD our God.

7 But the Levites have no part among you; for the priesthood of the LORD is their inheritance: and Gad, and Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh, have received their inheritance beyond Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave them.

8 And the men arose, and went away: and Joshua charged them that went to describe the land, saying, Go and walk through the land, and describe it, and come again to me, that I may here cast lots for you before the LORD in Shiloh.

9 And the men went and passed through the land, and described it by cities into seven parts in a book, and came again to Joshua to the host at Shiloh.

10 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.

11 And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph.

12 And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north side, and went up through the mountains westward; and the goings out thereof were at the wilderness of Bethaven.

13 And the border went over from thence toward Luz, to the side of Luz, which is Bethel, southward; and the border descended to Atarothadar, near the hill that lieth on the south side of the nether Bethhoron.

14 And the border was drawn thence, and compassed the corner of the sea southward, from the hill that lieth before Bethhoron southward; and the goings out thereof were at Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, a city of the children of Judah: this was the west quarter.

15 And the south quarter was from the end of Kirjathjearim, and the border went out on the west, and went out to the well of waters of Nephtoah:

16 And the border came down to the end of the mountain that lieth before the valley of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley of the giants on the north, and descended to the valley of Hinnom, to the side of Jebusi on the south, and descended to Enrogel,

17 And was drawn from the north, and went forth to Enshemesh, and went forth toward Geliloth, which is over against the going up of Adummim, and descended to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben,

18 And passed along toward the side over against Arabah northward, and went down unto Arabah:

19 And the border passed along to the side of Bethhoglah northward: and the outgoings of the border were at the north bay of the salt sea at the south end of Jordan: this was the south coast.

20 And Jordan was the border of it on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, by the coasts thereof round about, according to their families.

21 Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin according to their families were Jericho, and Bethhoglah, and the valley of Keziz,

22 And Betharabah, and Zemaraim, and Bethel,

23 And Avim, and Parah, and Ophrah,

24 And Chepharhaammonai, and Ophni, and Gaba; twelve cities with their villages:

25 Gibeon, and Ramah, and Beeroth,

26 And Mizpeh, and Chephirah, and Mozah,

27 And Rekem, and Irpeel, and Taralah,

28 And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.

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