John 8, details how Jesus went to preach in the temple after the feast. He answered many questions that were put to him and told the people that he was the Son of God. However, his proclamations angered the people and they attempted to stone him.
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The Adulterous Woman
Early in the morning, Jesus went to the temple to preach to the people. While he was teaching, the Pharisees brought in a woman who had been caught practicing adultery. They placed her in front of Jesus, asking him what they should do with her as the law of Moses would have her stoned. At first, Jesus ignored them but, eventually, he answered that those without sin should throw the first stone. Restrained by their consciences, they left one by one. After they had gone, Jesus told the woman that he did not condemn her and that she should go on her way and sin no more.
Jesus Defends Himself
Jesus continued to speak to the people, telling him that he was the light and that if anyone followed him, they would have eternal life. Hearing this, the Pharisees protested that, because he had bore witness of himself, his word could not be true. However, Jesus answered and said that his witness was true because he testified of himself and his Father also testified. When the Pharisees asked who his father was, Jesus responded that they did not know him because if they had, they would have known his Father also. After speaking these things, Jesus left the temple.
Predictions of Death
When he again came to the temple, Jesus spoke to the people saying that he would go away where they could not follow him. And the people were confused wondering if he meant he was going to kill himself. Therefore, Jesus clarified that while they were from the world, he was not of the world.
So the people asked Jesus who he was. Jesus answered them saying that he was who he claimed from the beginning and that he was sent by He who is good. However, the people did not understand that he was talking about God.
Jesus continued saying that when the people would raise him up to die, they would know that he was the Son of God. When the people heard this, many believed that he spoke no lie.
Jesus spoke to those that believed him saying that if they lived according to his word, they would be set free by the truth. However, the people answered him that, as the descendants of Abraham, they had never been enslaved. Therefore Jesus clarified that they had been slaves to sin but would be set free by the Son and his word.
Jesus also spoke to those who did not believe him. To them he said that though they were Abraham’s descendants, they did according to their father and he did according to his. When the people answered that Abraham was their father, Jesus rebuked them saying that if that were true, they would do Abraham’s works. Hearing this, the people protested that God was their father. To this, Jesus answered that if they were the children of God, they would have loved him as he was of God also. He continues to tell them that they could not hear the word of God because they were not of God, but of the devil and lies.
The People Accuse Jesus
After hearing what Jesus said, the people accused him of having a demon inside him. However, Jesus responded that he did not have a demon but spoke on behalf of God. He told them that whoever believed and lived by his word would not see death. When the people heard this, they were convinced that Jesus was lying. They protested that Abraham was dead already along with all the prophets. When they asked who he was, Jesus answered that he was honored by his Father who the people called their God. He continued to explain that Abraham had rejoiced to see him come.
At this the people asked how it was possible that he had seen Abraham as he was not yet 50 years old. Jesus responded saying that he was in existence before Abraham was. Hearing this, the people became angry and tried to stone him. However, Jesus left from their presence unharmed.
John Chapter 8 (King James Version)
1 Jesus went unto the mount of Olives.
2 And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them.
3 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst,
4 They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act.
5 Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?
6 This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not.
7 So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.
8 And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.
9 And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?
11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.
12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
13 The Pharisees therefore said unto him, Thou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true.
14 Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.
15 Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man.
16 And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me.
17 It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.
18 I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.
19 Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.
20 These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come.
21 Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins: whither I go, ye cannot come.
22 Then said the Jews, Will he kill himself? because he saith, Whither I go, ye cannot come.
23 And he said unto them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world.
24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.
25 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning.
26 I have many things to say and to judge of you: but he that sent me is true; and I speak to the world those things which I have heard of him.
27 They understood not that he spake to them of the Father.
28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.
29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.
30 As he spake these words, many believed on him.
31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;
32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
33 They answered him, We be Abraham’s seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.
36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
37 I know that ye are Abraham’s seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.
38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.
39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham.
40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.
41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.
42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.
43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word.
44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.
46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?
47 He that is of God heareth God’s words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God.
48 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?
49 Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me.
50 And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth.
51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.
52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death.
53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself?
54 Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God:
55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.
56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.
57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.