Having been in power for more than 400 years, it is reasonable to expect that the Han dynasty left lasting legacies in China and to the world. It was a dynasty that epitomized accomplishments that have impacted the world. It was an era that the dynasties that followed tried to emulate it. The Han Dynasty brought China to new heights, politically, socially and militarily. Some of the major Han dynasty achievements are enumerated below.
Economically, the Han dynasty regained its foothold despite a decline that occurred during the Qin dynasty, it overlapped over the early Han period. The creation of irrigation and water conservation projects made this possible. Improvements in the making of farming tools contributed greatly to the increase in agricultural revenues which helped boost the Han economy. Other programs were commissioned to enable increased farming efficiency.
It was during the Han period that contact with the West through the Silk Road was first established. Chinese borders were expanded to include Vietnam and North Korea, making the Han dynasty the largest empire to date. The world of arts, science and literature saw a rise in popularity as advances in technology were made. One of its greatest achievements was the invention of paper, leading to an increase in the already vast amount of literature produced during this era.
Sima Qian’s detailed account included events and people that shaped the great achievements during the Han Dynasty. More importantly, the Han dynasty established the social and moral basis of Chinese society for years to come by making Confucianism the official state ideology (religion?). Formal education was based on this school of thought.
All of these achievements are only a few of the important contributions of this era. The Han dynasty was able to find ways to improve their economy, promote art, science and literature to a new level. All this has took place during the Han dynasty, a period of advancement and organization.