In Galatians Chapter 3, Paul began a discussion about justification through faith. He reiterated his teaching because, as he mentioned, they had forgotten what he taught them.
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Paul’s Personal Argument
Galatians Chapter 3 begins with Paul describing his personal argument about how they were justified by faith. He asked them to remember how they received the Holy Spirit and from whom. It was Paul’s greatest concern that they had been misled into believing that they received the Spirit by the works of the law.
Paul’s Spiritual Argument
In a continuation of his argument based on justification by faith, Paul pointed out in Galatians Chapter 3 the example of Abraham whose faith was counted to him by righteousness. Also, he stressed that God would justify the nations by faith and those who had faith in Him would be blessed like Abraham.
Paul reminded the Galatians that whoever lived by the works of the law was cursed. However, through Christ, they had been redeemed from such a curse. The priority of the promise over the law was quite evident according to Paul, given that the law was given 430 years after God made His promises to Abraham.
The Purpose of the Law
Paul began a discussion about the purpose of the law in Chapter 3 of Galatians. He informed the Galatians that the law was added because of the transgressions that ended when Christ came. It served the purpose of confining everyong under sin until the promise by faith in Christ could be fulfilled.
Paul’s Practical Argument
Paul proceeded with a practical explanation of how they were justified by their faith in Jesus Christ. It was through the act of faith they had received Christ and had been baptized into Him. Paul finally reminded them that they were all one in Christ and there were no restrictions based on race, gender, or class.
Galatians 3 (King James Version)
1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?
2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
3 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?
4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain.
5 He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.
7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.
8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
15 Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.
21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.
22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.