Exodus Chapter 27 continues with God’s plans for the sanctuary that He wanted the people of Israel to build. He delivered very specific instructions to Moses throughout this chapter and previous chapters. Exodus Chapter 27 focuses on the detailed instructions He gave for the altar of burnt offerings, the courtyard, and oil for the lampstand.
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Altar for Burnt Offering
The altar, like most of the furnishings within the Tabernacle’s sanctuary, was to be made from acacia wood. It was to have four horns on each of the four corners. The altar was to be covered in bronze so that the horns and the altars were seen as one piece. All the utensils which were to sit upon the altar were to be made of bronze, too. It was supposed to be hollow, as instructed by God when Moses was up in the mountain.
Instructions for the Courtyard
The Tabernacle was to have a courtyard that had a south side that measured 100 cubits long. The curtains for the courtyard were to be fashioned from only finely twisted linens that were blue, purple, or red.
God told Moses that it should have 20 posts made of bronze bases and silver hooks. The north side was to be as long as the south side, also with 20 posts made of the same material. These were to be made by a highly-skilled craftsman. God wanted all the articles within the courtyard, regardless of their function, to be made of bronze.
Oil for the Lampstand
The Lord told Moses to command the Israelites to bring oil made from pressed olives. This was to be used for the lamps so that the light would burn from daytime until nighttime. Aaron and his sons were told that they were supposed to keep the lamps burning throughout the night. Exodus Chapter 27 closes with God saying that the Israelites were supposed to obey this command forever.
Exodus 27 (King James Version)
1 And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.
2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.
3 And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.
4 And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.
5 And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar.
6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with brass.
7 And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.
8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it.
9 And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side:
10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.
11 And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
12 And for the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten.
13 And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.
14 The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
15 And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
16 And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.
17 All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass.
18 The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.
19 All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.
20 And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.
21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.